Chapter 23: Anaesthesia and Pain Relief



Difficult Airway Society (DAS) difficult intubation guidelines. Easy-to-use guidelines for anaesthetists around the world in the event of an unanticipated difficult intubation. Note that permission from Blackwell publications is required if used for commercial books or journals.


Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI) standards of monitoring for anaesthesia and recovery. Provides guidance on the minimum standards for monitoring of any patient undergoing anaesthesia or sedation under the care of an anaesthetist.

https: //dx.doi.org/10.21466/g.PAAPP-T.2010

Preoperative assessment and patient preparation – the role of the anaesthetist. Guidelines published by the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland (AAGBI) to help guide in the provision of high-quality preoperative assessment services in preparation for surgery.


World Health Organization (WHO) analgesic ladder. Simple steps in the treatment of pain.


Emergency treatment of anaphylactic reactions: Guidelines for healthcare providers to treat anaphylaxis in the course of their clinical role.

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