The following Multiple Choice Questions are not endorsed by an Exam Board.
0 of 5 Questions completed
You have already completed the quiz before. Hence you can not start it again.
Quiz is loading…
You must sign in or sign up to start the quiz.
You must first complete the following:
0 of 5 Questions answered correctly
Time has elapsed
You have reached 0 of 0 point(s), (0)
Earned Point(s): 0 of 0, (0)
0 Essay(s) Pending (Possible Point(s): 0)
Multiple Choice Question 1 of 5
The ductolobular tissue of the breast is located maximally in which breast quadrant?CorrectIncorrect
Multiple Choice Question 2 of 5
The contraction of which of the following leads to erection of the nipple?CorrectIncorrect
Multiple Choice Question 3 of 5
Which of the following types of nipple discharge is associated with an increased risk of breast carcinoma?CorrectIncorrect
Multiple Choice Question 4 of 5
In addition to the anatomical staging, the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) eighth edition of staging for breast cancer includes which of the following in the prognostic staging system?CorrectIncorrect
Multiple Choice Question 5 of 5
A 45-year-old woman underwent right modified radical mastectomy (MRM) for cT4bN1M0–ycT1N1M0 triple-negative carcinoma of the right breast. The surgeon retracted the pectoralis minor muscle to facilitate the clearance of level III axillary lymph nodes. Which of the following modification of MRM did the surgeon adopt here?CorrectIncorrect
We have tried to provide the best description of the anatomy of the breast as well as benign and malignant diseases of the breast, supported by images, illustrations, tables and videos in this chapter. Below are some additional weblinks to further support your understanding in this area.
The commonest benign breast disease is mastalgia, the treatment of which is challenging. This meta-analysis of various trials of mastalgia will help you to understand it further.
Triple assessment is essential for breast examination and the recording of results. Breast changes in the form of nodularity have been discussed in this chapter. To find out more about this nodularity and the scores for recording, refer to this link.
Breast surgery has evolved from radical surgery to more focused and individualised care. This article provides more understanding on this subject.
The management of the axilla forms an important part of breast cancer surgery. This article reports on the landmark ALMANAC trial regarding sentinel lymph node versus complete axillary lymph node treatment in operable breast cancer.
After surgery, further management with adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment is essential.
Is there a need to remove the whole breast or not? This randomised study will help further understanding of this concept.
Benign breast disease itself is an extensive topic, we therefore recommend this publication.
The details of breast cancer are summarised well in the chapter, but these guidelines provide more detail.