Multiple Choice Questions

Journal articles (free)

Key article on the classification of postoperative complications (Clavien–Dindo classification). (paid)

Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUOROM) statement regarding the quality of reporting of meta-analyses of clinical randomised controlled trials.

Guidelines and policies (free)

The ARRIVE guidelines for reporting animal research. (paid)

The IDEAL recommendations for the assessment of surgery based on a five-stage description of the surgical development process. (free)

Guidance on meeting the costs of charity-funded research. (free)

A UK national framework for good research conduct and its governance. (free)

The European code of conduct for research integrity. (free)

UK governance arrangements for research ethics committees. (free)

World conferences on research integrity statement. (free)

CONsolidated Standards of Reporting Trials guideline intended to improve the reporting of parallel-group randomized controlled trials, enabling readers to understand a trial’s design, conduct, analysis and interpretation, and to assess the validity of its results. (free)

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network list of current guidelines and guidelines under development.


Cochrane Library homepage.

Digital collection of UK social sciences and population research data.

EU Clinical Trials Register.

The Integrated Research Application System for health and social care research within the UK.

UK NHS Clinical Audit homepage.

International Standard Randomised Controlled Trial Number (ISRCTN) clinical trial registry recognised by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

Societies, institutes and regulatory bodies

UK National Institute for Health and Care Research homepage.

UK Health Research Authority homepage.

UK Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency homepage.

UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence homepage.

The Vascular Society for Great Britain and Ireland homepage.

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